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Do people always tell the whole truth?

Do people always tell the whole truth?

1. Real Life Situation

My friend Jenny has told me that our local park will be turned into a waste tip. I am really shocked. I often go there with my friends to play football and talk. Why can't they build the waste tip somewhere else?

At school we talked with our teacher about the shopping center and decided to write a letter to the local government to tell them what we think. We spent a long time writing our letter. We wrote all the reasons that we think the center is a bad idea. We had a lot of hope that our letter would change the mind of the local government.

We waited a long time for the local government to reply. We have been invited to attend a public meeting to present our opinions about this project. We are preparing our ideas and presentations.

2. Introduction

altIn some situations the decision as to whether to tell the truth or not can be quite difficult. In this web quest you will  answer several questions: How to recognise what is true and what is false? Who can we trust? Can telling the truth sometimes hurt us and how? Should we always tell the truth? Is it ever ok to tell a lie?

Think about this quote from a famous American author:

"If you tell the truth you don't have to remember anything"

What does it tell you?

3. Task

You are going to consider whether we should always tell the truth.  You will carry out surveys and interviews to collect information to analyse.  Your findings will help you to take part in a debate at the end of the webquest themed "Should we always tell the truth?"

4. Activities

Activity 1: What is true and what is false?
Activity 2: How to recognise what is true and what is false
Activity 3: An analysis of true and false
Activity 4: A debate: Should I always tell the truth?

 

  Activity 1: What is true and what is false?

 

Everyone in the class will think of two stories or experiences, one will be real and the other made up.  The purpose of the game is for you to guess which is the real story and which is the fake.

You will be doing this activity as a class - follow your teacher's instructions.

 

Part 1: True or false story game

Instructions: Think of two experiences, one must be real story based on something you have done or has happened, and the other you must make up.  Remember you do not want the other students to be able to easily guess which story is the fake one!

 

Present your stories to the rest of the class - you will only have 2 minutes. 

Once you have told your story the other students in the class will vote which story they think is true and which is not true.

Write down the number of votes your stories received on the True or False Story Voting Form

Listen to the other student's stories, record your vote and the number of votes each story received from the class

Each student will now reveal which of their stories was true and which was invented
Summarise the results and answer the following questions:

a) How many people successfully managed to present a false story as true?

b) Why were they successful?

c) How many have failed to present a true story as true?

d) What are the reasons for this?

e) What kind of techniques did you use to try and make your false story sound true?


Part 2: The definition of "True" and "False"

Instructions:

Develop a definition for:

What is true

What is false.

Try and write down 3 or 4 ideas for each.

Compare and discuss your ideas with your class.

For example: False is a fabrication, distortion of the truth, exaggeration of the facts, deliberately false indication, a discrepancy of what a person says to what they actually think and feel ......

 

 Activity 2: How to recognise what is true and what is false

 

Part 1: What are the messages in folk tales, stories and proverbs?

Work in a small group of 4 or 5 students and watch this short film based on a very old story:

The Boy Who Cried Wolf

 

What is the message of this story?

Do you know any other folk tales, stories or proverbs about telling the truth? Use the internet to find more.

Discuss in your group examples that you have read or heard and record your findings in the Key messages worksheet. In your group try to answer these questions:
Why do lies exist? Are all lies the same?What are the main massages from the folk tales, stories and proverbs? Are lies good or bad?Could a lie lead to doing good? Prepare a report to share what you have discovered and learnt and feedback to your teacher.

 

 

Step 2: An investigation into the truth

Instructions:
Questionnaire: Telling the truthand record the results. Discuss in your group the results of the interviews and create a summary (you can use the Questionnaire form above).

 

 

 Activity 3: An analysis of true and false

 

Part 1: Is the truth a difficult choice and what does our choice depend on?

altInstructions:<
Work in a small group of 3 or 4
Think about different situations you have faced where you considered whether you should tell the truth or lie and the decisions you made.  List these in the  Scenario worksheet . Discuss the scenarios.  Each member of the group should explain why they came to the decision they did for their scenario.  The other members of the group should comment whether they agree or disagree with the decision. Record the results in the worksheet.

Which scenario and decision did most people agree with and which did they not.What conclusions can you draw from your results?<

 Activity 4: A debate: Should I always tell the truth?

 

You will be having a class debate themed around telling the truth - follow the activity instructions and then wait for your teacher's instructions for the debate.

Instructions:

Work in small groups of 3 or 4. Summarise your findings using the knowledge and ideas you have gained and conclusions you have drawn from all of the activities.  This will be your preparation for the debate. Some of the questions you should consider are: What are the consequences of our decisions? Can a lie be justified and if so, when? Can telling the truth hurt us and if so, how? Can lies help us? altYour teacher will assign you a position: either to defend the idea that you should always tell the truth or argue the idea. Discuss your position using your preparation and ideas generated by your group. Select a representative to take part in the debate. The representatives will take part in the debate in two teams while the other students are observers and evaluators. At the end the observers vote on for the team who has presented the most convincing argument.

 

Follow up the debate by having a class discussion.

Answer to the following questions:
a) Have you changed your personal opinion after the debate?
b) What new arguments did you hear during the debate?
c) What difficulties did you have when you were talking about this subject?

5. Reflection

Write down three things you have learnt about telling the truth.


Write down two things you would like to find out more about.


Choose one of these things, how could you find out more about it?


Social learning wall

6. Conclusion

7. Teacher notes

Age:  11 - 12

Time

Total: 3 hours

Activity 1: What is true and what is false? (45 minutes)

Part 1: True or false story game

Part 2: The definition of "True" and "False"

Activity 2: How to recognise what is true and what is false? (60 minutes).

Part 1: What are the messages in folk tales, stories and proverbs?
Part 2: An investigation into the truth

Activity 3: An analysis of true and false (30 minutes)

Part 1: Is the truth a difficult choice and what does our choice depend on?

Activity 4: A debate: Should I always tell the truth? (45 minutes)

 

Curriculum / subject (cross-curricular links):

PSHE

English

 

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the quest all students will:

  • Explore their openness and trust in others
  • Recognise different forms of lies and be aware of different reasons and motives for lying
  • Form and express their own opinion and position on the topic
  • Explore, gather and select important information
  • Analyse and draw conclusions and extract moral lessons
  • Adapt and present the information in appropriate way in order to inform others

    Teacher assesment framework